1619-2019 African-American Commemoration: 400 Years of Perseverance. It is a global event. This year marks 400 years of perseverance by African Americans. Learn about the warrior Queen who fought the enslavers. Hear about the "20 and odd Africans" who arrived in the Virginia Colony in 1619, and their surprising lives. Without slave laws, the debate over African legal status remains a controversial topic. But, what is undisputed is their courage, contribution, creativity and spiritual power. Despite legal oppression and chattel enslavement, Africans in America led movements of resistance, petitions of protest and brought freedom lawsuits. Discover more.

Gloria J. Browne-Marshall is the author of The African-American Woman: 400 Years of Perseverance. Her other books include The Voting Rights War, The U.S. Constitution: An African-American Context and Race, Law, and American Society: 1607 to Present. She is a constitutional professor at John Jay College (CUNY) and a civil rights attorney who litigated cases for the Southern Poverty Law Center, CLS of Philadelphia, and the NAACP LDF. She is also chair of ASALH's 400 Commemoration Committee, on the African arrival. Gloria speaks internationally on issues of equality and is currently working on her first novel. https://www.browne-marshall.com/

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